Qatar, of course, knew this was going to be a problem when they first bid to host the World Cup. Although Doha was tossed out of bidding for 2016 Summer Olympics, they did try to keep things cooler during the sporting events. Then the solution had been to host the Olympics in October, knocking 10oC or 15oF off temperatures. This time, however, Qatar came up with a different solution to the extreme heat of the Middle East. A look at their bid shows what they plan to do to keep players and fans cool:
Each of the five stadiums will harness the power of the suns rays to provide a cool environment for players and fans by converting solar energy into electricity that will then be used to cool both fans and players at the stadiums. When games are not taking place, the solar installations at the stadia will export energy onto the power grid. During matches, the stadia will draw energy from the grid. This is the basis for the stadiums’ carbon-neutrality. Along with the stadiums, we plan to make the cooling technologies we’ve developed available to other countries in hot climates, so that they too can host major sporting events.I'm not sure if they plan to dome each of the stadiums, or if the massive air conditioning systems will be affixed to open air stadiums. The former seems to be more likely, but that means the existing stadiums, such as Khalifa International Stadium will need to have extensive renovations. This will be an extremely expensive makeover of Qatari sporting venues. With oil revenues high, FIFA clearly feels that this is an affordable scenario for Qatar. Although I'm not so sure that still leaves the stadiums carbon neutral if they use oil money to build them, but I suppose it is a step in the right direction. Either way, congratulations to Qatar.